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October 12th, 2021

U.s.-China Agreement On Cooperation In Science And Technology

In the past, few high-use and dual-use technologies have raised national security concerns. In addition, these technologies often had military applications. However, as technology apps have multiplied and connect to people`s daily lives, even dating apps can now collect personal data that justifies regulators` concerns. The United States is increasingly vulnerable in many new areas of technology that were not previously considered sensitive. This report examines 35 years of U.S.-China cooperation in science and technology (S&T) since the signing of the U.S.-China Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement in 1979. Cooperation has typically taken place between government agencies or research organizations close to the government, allowing the United States to control the extent of technological knowledge transferred to China. The changing nature of technological cooperation has led both countries to reconsider political costs and benefits. Meanwhile, as nationalist sentiments rise globally, technology has become a convenient way to reach a political point. So it`s no surprise that the counter-reaction to technological cooperation between the U.S.

and China is beginning to enter the mainstream. Technological protectionism has imposed itself temporarily against technological globalism. The UNITED States and China should not allow technological protectionism to continue, as cooperation has proven valuable to both sides. These advantages are manifested independently of the organization of cooperation through programmes subsidized by the State or by private companies and individuals. The U.S. S.-China Clean Energy Research Center (CERC) is a perfect example of the value of technological cooperation through state-funded programs. Launched at the presidential level in 2009, CERC aims to achieve a large-scale deployment of energy-efficient buildings, supported by state-of-the-art technologies. Through the joint effort of researchers in the U.S. and China, CERC has brought high-tech products to market, including daylight deflection windows, integrated trilogical heat pumps, and caxial heat exchangers that, according to reports, consume 14 to 30 percent less energy than traditional products.

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