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December 19th, 2020

Us Paris Agreement Pledge

An unconditional promise to reduce emissions by 6.6% below normal levels by 2030, with an additional 11.6% reduction conditional on international aid. Contains interim commitments for 2020 and 2025. Contains the “Adaptation” section, in which the proposed measures would reduce emissions by an additional 36.95%, reducing overall reductions by 55.15% below normal levels. Burkina Fasos INDC. The widespread failure to combat the existential threat of climate change has led more than 11,000 scientists from 153 countries to sign a “World Scientists” Warning of a Climate Emergency declaration. Whatever the report on climate promises, the statement begins: “Scientists have a moral obligation to clearly warn humanity of any catastrophic threat and to say it as it is.” On June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would end all participation in the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement and begin negotiations to reintroduce the agreement “on a level playing field for the United States, its businesses, its workers, their people, its taxpayers” or form a new agreement. [1] In withdrawing from the agreement, Trump said that “the Paris agreement will hurt the U.S. economy” and “permanently penalize the United States.” [2] [3] Trump stated that the withdrawal would be consistent with his America First policy.

An unconditional 25% reduction in greenhouse gases and short-lived climate pollutants, based on a “business as usual” scenario by 2030, which would increase to 40% subject to a global climate agreement. For unconditional commitment, this means achieving net emissions by 2026 and reducing emissions intensity per unit of GDP by about 40% between 2013 and 2030. This is INDC. The EU and its 28 member states have made a legally binding climate promise to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The Republic of Moldova has made an unconditional commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 64-67% from 1990 levels; 11 to 14 per cent more. Given that 80% of the commitment depends on national measures, this promise was deemed sufficient. The remaining 152 commitments represent 32.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which set legally binding emission reduction targets (as well as penalties for non-compliance) only for industrialized countries, the Paris Agreement requires all countries – rich, poor, developed and developing – to take their share and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

To this end, the Paris Agreement provides for greater flexibility: commitments that countries should make are not included, countries can voluntarily set their emissions targets and countries will not be penalized if they do not meet their proposed targets. But what the Paris agreement requires is to monitor, report and reassess, over time, the objectives of individual and collective countries, in order to bring the world closer to the broader objectives of the agreement. And the agreement stipulates that countries must announce their next round of targets every five years, contrary to the Kyoto Protocol, which was aimed at this target but which contained no specific requirements to achieve this goal.

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